System level reliability assessment for high power light-emitting diode lamp based on a Bayesian network method

Mesfin Seid Ibrahim, Jiajie Fan, Winco K.C. Yung, Zhou Jing, Xuejun Fan, Willem van Driel, Guoqi Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The increased system complexity in electronic products brings challenges in a system level reliability assessment and lifetime estimation. Traditionally, the graph model-based reliability block diagrams (RBD) and fault tree analysis (FTA) have been used to assess the reliability of products and systems. However, these methods are based on deterministic relationships between components that introduce prediction inaccuracy. To fill the gap, a Bayesian Network (BN) method is introduced that considers the intricacies of the high-power light-emitting diode (LED) lamp system and the functional interaction among components for reliability assessment and lifetime prediction. An accelerated degradation test was conducted to analyze the evolution of the degradation and failure of components that influence the system level lifetime and performance of LED lamps. The Gamma process and Weibull distribution are used for component level lifetime prediction. The junction tree algorithm was deployed in the BN structure to estimate the joint probability distributions of the lifetime states. The degradation and prediction results showed that LED modules contribute a major part for lumen degradation of LED lamps followed by drivers and the least effect is from diffuser and reflector. The BN based lifetime estimation results also exhibited an accurate prediction as validated with the Gamma process and such improved reliability assessment outcomes are beneficial to LED manufacturers and customers. Thus, the proposed approach is effective to evaluate and address the long-term reliability assessment concerns of high-reliability LED lamps and fulfill the guarantee of high prediction accuracy in less time and cost-effective manner.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109191
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Bayesian networks (BN)
  • Junction tree algorithm (JTA)
  • Light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
  • Reliability assessment
  • System level lifetime prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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