Synthetical Modal Parameters Identification Method of Damped Oscillation Signals in Power System

Huan Li, Siqi Bu, Jiong Ran Wen, Cheng Wei Fei

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


It is vital to improve the stability of the power system by accurately identifying the modal parameters of damped low-frequency oscillations (DLFO) and controlling the oscillation in time. A new method based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD), stochastic subspace identification (SSI), and Prony algorithms, called synthetical modal parameters identification (SMPI) method, is developed by efficiently matching the modal parameters of DLFO which are acquired from the SSI and Prony algorithm. In this approach, EMD is used for denoising the raw oscillation signals thereby enhancing the noise resistance, and then using the SSI and Prony algorithms to identify the precise modal parameters assisted by parameter matching. It is demonstrated that the proposed SMPI method holds great accuracy in identifying full modal parameters including natural frequencies, damping ratios, amplitudes, and phase angles with simulated signals with known modal parameters and real-time signals from some power system case studies. The strategy of SMPI has effectively overcome the weakness of a single approach, and the identification results are promising to heighten the stabilization of power systems. Besides, SMPI shows the potential to troubleshoot in different fields, such as construction, aeronautics, and marine, for its satisfactory robustness and generalization ability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4668
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


  • low-frequency oscillations
  • modal identification
  • parameter matching
  • Prony
  • stochastic subspace identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthetical Modal Parameters Identification Method of Damped Oscillation Signals in Power System'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this