Synthesis of SrFexTi1-xO3-Δ nanocubes with tunable oxygen vacancies for selective and efficient photocatalytic NO oxidation

Qian Zhang, Yu Huang, Shiqi Peng, Tingting Huang, Jun ji Cao, Wingkei Ho, Shuncheng Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxygen vacancies of metal oxides play critical roles in tunning activity and selectivity for many photocatalysis mediated reactions, yet the mechanism of NO oxidation on defect enriched photocatalyst surface is seldomly discussed. Herein, we provide detailed insight into the relationship between oxygen vacancy manipulation by extrinsic Fe3+ substitution in SrTiO3 host lattice and the photocatalytic performance of NO abatement. In particular, the hydrothermal synthesized SrFexTi1-xO3-δ nanocubes (denoted as SFTO-hyd sample) rather than the impregnated-post annealing sample, enabled oxygen vacancy formation, and promoted O2 adsorption and superoxide anion radicals ([rad]O2 ) formation. The SFTO-hyd (x = 5%) sample showed remarkably higher NO removal activity and selectivity under Xe lamp (λ > 420 nm), in comparison with the pristine SrTiO3, P25 and impregnation-doped SFTO sample, underlining the important roles played by coexisted Fe3+ sites and oxygen vacancies. The in situ diffuse reflectance IR spectroscopy (DRIFTS) mechanically revealed that SrTiO3 provided Lewis acidic sites for NO dark adsorption and photoreaction with nitrates as final products; the substitutional Fe3+ sites provided more active sites for NO adsorption and photoreaction with enhanced number of radicals. This study deepens the understanding of photocatalytic NO abatement on defective surface, and may also provide a simple and cost effective strategy for synthesizing efficient and selective photocatalysts for environmental remediation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Fe substituted SrTiO
  • In-Situ DRIFTS
  • Nitric oxide
  • Oxygen vacancies
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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