Synthesis and structure of binuclear O/S-bridged organobismuth complexes and their cooperative catalytic effect on CO2fixation

Renhua Qiu, Zhengong Meng, Shuangfeng Yin, Xingxing Song, Nianyuan Tan, Yongbo Zhou, Kun Yu, Xinhua Xu, Shenglian Luo, Chak Tong Au, Wai Yeung Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


In the synthesis of binuclear organobismuth complexes (1-6) through treatment of organobismuth chlorides with NaOH or Na2S·9H2O, the two 5,6,7,12-tetrahydrodibenz [c,f]-[1,5]azabismocine frameworks are cross-linked by either a sulfur or an oxygen atom. The complexes (1-6) show high catalytic efficiency in the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from 2-(chloromethyl)oxirane and CO2. Compared with their precursor chlorides (7-9), methoxide 10 and methanethioate 11 which are mononuclear organobismuth complexes, the binuclear organobismuth complexes show higher cooperative catalytic effect. However, the complexes with an oxygen bridge (1-3) are not stable in air and lose their catalytic efficiency because of hydrolysis or CO2adsorption (forming organobismuth carbonates in the latter case). Nonetheless, the binuclear organobismuth complexes (4-6) with a sulfur bridge are highly stable in air and can be applied in the synthesis of cyclic carbonates (with the co-presence of Bu4NI) across various kinds of epoxides, thus exhibiting satisfactory efficiency and selectivity. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-410
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bridging ligands
  • Carbon dioxide fixation
  • Cooperative effects
  • Homogeneous catalysis
  • Oxygen heterocycles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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