Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of cyclometalated Pt(II) complexes containing a functionalized cyclometalating ligand, 2-phenyl-6-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl) -pyridine

Chi Kin Koo, Yu Man Ho, Cheuk Fai Chow, Michael Hon Wah Lam, Tai Chu Lau, Wai Yeung Wong

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Three new luminescent cyclometalated Pt(II) complexes, [Pt(L)CI] (1), [Pt2(L-)2] (2), and [Pt(L)(PPh 3)]ClO4 (3·ClO4) (where HL = 2-phenyl-6-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-pyridine), were synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography. HL represents a new class of C,N,Npyrazolyl cyclometalating ligands containing a Cphenyl, a Npyridyl, and a Npyrazolyl donor moiety, as well as a 1-pyrazolyl-NH, that can also be available for metal coordination and other chemical interactions. Complex 1 possesses intense intraligand transitions at 275-375 nm and moderately intense metal-to-ligand charge transfer (1MLCT) (dπ(Pt) →*(L)) transition at 380-410 nm. The room temperature solid-state emission λmax of 1 occurs at 580 nm and is attributable to the 3MMLCT (dσ*(Pt) → π*(L)) transition. It also displays strong phosphorescence in acetonitrile solutions at room temperature with an emission λmax at 514 nm, which can be tentatively assigned to the 3MLCT (π*(L) → dπ(Pt)) transition. Complex 1 can be deprotonated in organic solvents to yield a cycloplatinated dimer 2, which shows a relatively high room-temperature luminescent quantum yield of 0.59 in DMF (λmax = 509 nm). Substitution of the ancillary chloro-ligand in 1 by triphenylphosphine yields 3, which also possesses a good room-temperature luminescent quantum yield of 0.52 in DMF (λmax = 504 nm) and a better solubility in water. Complex 3 is synthesized to demonstrate the pH dependence of luminescent properties of this C,N,Npyrazolyl cyclometalated Pt(II) system. Such a pH response is ascribable to the protonation/ deprotonation of the 1-pyrazolyl-NH on the C,N,Npyrazolyl cyclometalating ligand. The pKa of the 1-pyrazolyl-NH in 3, measured in 1:2 (v/v) aqueous DMF solutions, is approximately 4.0.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3603-3612
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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