Syngas/power cogeneration from proton conducting solid oxide fuel cells assisted by dry methane reforming: A thermal-electrochemical modelling study

Bin Chen, Haoran Xu, Qiong Sun, Houcheng Zhang, Peng Tan, Weizi Cai, Wei He, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A tubular proton conducting solid oxide fuel cell (H-SOFC) integrated with internal dry methane reforming (DMR) layer is numerically studied for power and syngas cogeneration using CO 2 and CH 4 as fuel by the Finite Element Method. The coupled heat and mass transporting with electrochemical reactions and chemical reactions (DMR, water gas shifting reaction and methane steam reforming) are fully considered. The model is substantially validated with experimental data of DMR catalyst characterization and SOFC button cell electrochemical characterization. The base case analyses are conducted at open circuit voltage (OCV) and 0.7 V of the DMR-SOFC. It is found that the CO 2 conversion and CH 4 conversion can be increased by 4.8% and 21.6%, respectively, by increasing the operating voltage of DMR-SOFC from OCV to 0.7 V, with the coproduction of electricity (1.5 W). These conversion enhancements were caused by the in-situ integration of the endothermal DMR reaction and exothermal H 2 electrochemical oxidation. Effects of operating voltage and inlet flow rate of feeding gas are evaluated. The voltage is suggested to be higher than 0.5 V to avoid large temperature gradient in the reactor. It is also found that conversion ratios of both CH 4 and CO 2 decrease from over 90% to be below 60% as the fuel flow rate is increased from 40 cm 3 min −1 to 80 cm 3 min −1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Cogeneration
  • Dry methane reforming
  • Finite element modelling
  • Proton conducting
  • Solid oxide fuel cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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