Recently, clean-up of resistant organic compounds has attracted growing attention. In this study, a novel heterogeneous ultrasound-enhanced sludge biochar catalyst/persulfate (BC/PS/US) process was firstly developed for the degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) in water. The results revealed that BC/PS/US process could successfully achieve a positively synergistic effect between sonochemistry and catalytic chemistry on the degradation of BPA compared to its corresponding comparative process. Nearly 98% of BPA could be degraded within 80 min at optimum reaction conditions. The coexisting substances including Cl−, SO42- and NO3− had no obvious inhibition on the BPA degradation, whereas HCO3− and humic acid (HA) had significant inhibition effects on that. PS decomposition of BC/PS/US process was superior to that of BC/PS or US/PS process. Both SO4[rad]― and HO[rad] participated in the degradation of BPA, but SO4[rad]― was predominant radical in the BC/PS/US process. A possible pathway of BPA degradation was proposed, and the BPA molecule was attacked by SO4[rad]― and degraded into five kinds of intermediate products through hydroxylation and demethylation processes. This study helps to comprehend the application of sludge biochar catalyst as a persulfate activator for the degradation of organic compounds under ultrasound irradiation, and provides a new strategy in wastewater treatment.
- Bisphenol A
- Sludge biochar
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis