Sweat and odor in sportswear – A review

Yuping Chang, Xungai Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Sportswear worn next to the skin is easily soaked by sweat and may become a breeding ground for the microbiome, thus a source of malodor. Malodor can cause social embarrassment and discomfort to both wearer and others. Given the risks current deodorant products pose to nature and human life, the development of sustainable textiles for odor control comes to the forefront. This review introduces the odor-generating mechanism in clothing from the perspectives of perspiration composition and cutaneous microbiome. With the knowledge of the significant role of sweat in odor formation, the sweat distribution of the human body, measurement techniques, and advanced technologies developed for quick-dry function are presented in the second part. Lastly, odor management in sportswear is evaluated, covering the odor-assessing techniques, the effects of various textile materials, and emerging solutions in terms of antibacterial treatment, adsorbent materials, and photocatalytic degradations of odorous compounds. Overall, it is of both personal and social value to develop novel textile materials with odor-control functions by making use of natural materials and fabric designs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107067
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2023


  • Chemical property
  • Materials application
  • Materials synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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