Sustainability-inspired upcycling of waste polyethylene terephthalate plastic into porous carbon for CO2capture

Xiangzhou Yuan, Nallapaneni Manoj Kumar, Boris Brigljević, Shuangjun Li, Shuai Deng, Manhee Byun, Boreum Lee, Carol Sze Ki Lin, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Ki Bong Lee, Shauhrat S. Chopra, Hankwon Lim, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In addition to climate change, plastic pollution is widely recognized as one of the most severe environmental concerns. Waste plastic-derived advanced materials for carbon capture provide promising solutions to these environmental issues. However, the environmental sustainability and economic feasibility of such a novel approach are still unclear for it to be implemented on an industrial scale globally. As synthesis routes differ in terms of their environmental impact and economic feasibility, we synthesized three waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic-derived porous carbons (PET6-CO2-9, PET6-K7, and PET6-KU7) using physical and chemical activation routes. The resulting porous carbons exhibited high CO2-capture capacities. Based on techno-economic and life-cycle assessments of the scaled-up industrial processes, we showed that the physical CO2 activation approach performs the best in the reduction of carbon emissions, providing the possibility for carbon neutrality while exhibiting financial viability (net present value of at least €19.22 million over the operating life of the project). Owing to the environmental benefits and economic feasibility of this approach, we highlighted its potential as a multifunctional alternative to conventional CO2 absorption and plastic waste management technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1494-1504
Number of pages11
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this