Survey of Green Vehicle Routing Problem: Past and future trends

Canhong Lin, King Lun Tommy Choy, G. T.S. Ho, Sai Ho Chung, H. Y. Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

679 Citations (Scopus)


Green Logistics has emerged as the new agenda item in supply chain management. The traditional objective of distribution management has been upgraded to minimizing system-wide costs related to economic and environmental issues. Reflecting the environmental sensitivity of vehicle routing problems (VRP), an extensive literature review of Green Vehicle Routing Problems (GVRP) is presented. We provide a classification of GVRP that categorizes GVRP into Green-VRP, Pollution Routing Problem, VRP in Reverse Logistics, and suggest research gaps between its state and richer models describing the complexity in real-world cases. The purpose is to review the most up-to-date state-of-the-art of GVRP, discuss how the traditional VRP variants can interact with GVRP and offer an insight into the next wave of research into GVRP. It is hoped that OR/MS researchers together with logistics practitioners can be inspired and cooperate to contribute to a sustainable industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1118-1138
Number of pages21
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Issue number4 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Green Logistics
  • Green vehicle routing
  • Literature review
  • Reverse logistics
  • Vehicle routing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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