Suppression of Polarization Switching in Birefringent Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers

N. S. Chen, Siu Fung Yu, C. W. Tee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Influence of birefringence on the multimode operation of antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) is analyzed. It can be shown that polarization switching is mainly due to thermal lensing effects. Hence, a new design rule is proposed to optimize the dimensions of ARROW for the suppression of polarization switching. Using the optimized design, the maximum single-polarization output power of VCSELs can be tripled. In addition, it is shown that the performance of the optimized ARROW VCSELs will not be deteriorated by the uncertainty of birefringence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-713
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW)
  • Birefringence
  • Multitransverse modes
  • Polarization switching
  • Semiconductor laser modeling
  • Spatial hole burning (SHB)
  • Thermal tensing effects
  • Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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