"supply push" or "demand pull?": Strategic recommendations for the responsible development of biofuel in China

Jingzheng Ren, Liang Dong, Lu Sun, Michael Evan Goodsite, Lichun Dong, Xiao Luo, Benjamin K. Sovacool

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates Chinas biofuel industry-the third largest in the world-by combining a strength, weakness, opportunity and threats (SWOT) analysis with a method known as fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP). More specifically, the study employs SWOT analysis to identify the influential factors affecting the development of the biofuel industry in China. It then prioritizes their importance using the FAHP method. The study finds that high production costs, competition with other renewable energy resources, inconsistent policy and legislation support, and poor technical standards are impeding the growth of the biofuel industry of China. The study concludes by proposing strategic recommendations for how the industry can be made both leaner, more efficient and effective, and greener, more socially and environmentally sustainable. Some of these options focuses on improving technical perform, adhering to a "supply push" mentality. Others focus on improving affordability and consumer awareness, adhering to a "demand pull" mentality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-392
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinas biofuel industry
  • Factor prioritization
  • Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process
  • Strategic recommendation
  • SWOT analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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