Supply-based feedback control strategy of air-conditioning systems for direct load control of buildings responding to urgent requests of smart grids

Shengwei Wang, Rui Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


A fast demand response control strategy, direct load control by shutting down part of operating chillers, has received great attention in recent DR researches and applications. This method, however, would lead to uneven indoor air temperature rises among individual air-conditioned spaces due to the failure of proper distribution of limited cooling supply by the conventional demand-based feedback control strategy commonly used today. A novel supply-based feedback control strategy is therefore proposed to effectively solve the problems caused by the fast demand response and power limiting control strategy. This proposed strategy employs global and local cooling distributors based on adaptive utility function to reset the set-points of chilled water flow and air flow for each zone and space online. Simplified offline and online identification methods, for the two parameters respectively, ensure the convenience and robustness of the adaptive utility function in applications. Case studies are conducted on a simulated air-conditioning system to test and validate the proposed control strategy. Results show that the proposed control strategy is capable not only to maintain even indoor air temperature rises, but also to avoid the operation problems during DR events. Moreover, rather high indoor relative humidity is obviously decreased. The power rebound phenomenon is also relieved and the original comfort control of spaces can be resumed much quickly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-432
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Energy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Adaptive utility function
  • Building demand management
  • Direct load control
  • Fast demand response
  • Smart grid
  • Supply-based feedback control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this