Superior high-temperature properties and deformation-induced planar faults in a novel L12-strengthened high-entropy alloy

Y. L. Zhao, T. Yang, Y. R. Li, L. Fan, B. Han, Z. B. Jiao, D. Chen, C. T. Liu, J. J. Kai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a novel high-performance L12-strengthened high-entropy alloy (HEA) in the multicomponent Ni-Co-Fe-Cr-Al-Nb system. The phase transformation, mechanical properties and associated deformation behaviors were systematically investigated through combinational analyses involving the three-dimensional atom probe tomography (3D-APT), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and first-principles calculations. In contrast to conventional alloys that generally strengthened by Ni3(Al, Ti)-type precipitates, a high density of coherent L12 nanoprecipitates with a new chemical constitution of (Ni, Co, Fe, Cr)3(Al, Nb) can be controllably introduced via elaboratively tuning the content of Al and Nb, resulting in a large lattice misfit of ~0.78% that rarely achieved in previous HEAs. The newly developed (Ni2Co2FeCr)92Al4Nb4 HEA enables excellent tensile properties at a large temperature window from room temperature to 870 °C. More remarkably, an anomalous growth in yield strength can be observed at the temperatures above 600 °C, showing a peak yield stress over 720 MPa when deformed at 760 °C, which surpasses most of the previous L12-strengthened HEAs, as well as the commercial superalloys. Detailed TEM analyses revealed that the multicomponent L12 precipitates are mainly sheared by the super-partial dislocations, forming superlattice intrinsic stacking fault (SISF) loops coupled with antiphase boundaries (APBs). Such an interesting deformation substructure enables sustained work hardening and produces high tensile strengths at the high temperatures. The underlying mechanisms of those SISF loops were carefully discussed, which could be possibly ascribed to the local elemental segregation on the planner faults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-527
Number of pages11
JournalActa Materialia
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Deformation mechanisms
  • High-entropy alloys
  • High-temperature strength
  • Planar faults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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