Superelastic SMA U-shaped dampers with self-centering functions

Bin Wang, Songye Zhu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


As high-performance metallic materials, shape memory alloys (SMAs) have been investigated increasingly by the earthquake engineering community in recent years, because of their remarkable self-centering (SC) and energy-dissipating capabilities. This paper systematically presents an experimental study on a novel superelastic SMA U-shaped damper (SMA-UD) with SC function under cyclic loading. The mechanical properties, including strength, SC ability, and energy-dissipating capability with varying loading amplitudes and strain rates are evaluated. Test results show that excellent and stable flag-shaped hysteresis loops are exhibited in multiple loading cycles. Strain rate has a negligible effect on the cyclic behavior of the SMA-UD within the dynamic frequency range of typical interest in earthquake engineering. Furthermore, a numerical investigation is performed to understand the mechanical behavior of the SMA-UD. The numerical model is calibrated against the experimental results with reasonable accuracy. Then, the stress-strain states with different phase transformations are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number055003
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018


  • flag-shaped hysteresis loop
  • seismic resilience
  • self-centering
  • shape memory alloy
  • strain rate
  • superelastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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