Success factors of energy performance contracting (EPC) for sustainable building energy efficiency retrofit (BEER) of hotel buildings in China

Pengpeng Xu, Hon Wan Edwin Chan, Queena Kun Qian

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


Hotel building is a type of high-energy-consuming building and most existing hotel buildings need energy efficiency improvement in China. Energy performance contracting (EPC) is considered a win-win mechanism to organize building energy efficiency retrofit (BEER) project. However, EPC mechanism has been introduced into China relatively recently and many EPCs have not been successful in building energy efficiency retrofit projects. This research aims to develop a set of critical success factors (CSFs) of EPC for sustainable energy efficiency retrofit (BEER) of hotel buildings in China. Semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire survey with practitioners and other professionals were conducted. The findings reveal the relative importance of the 21 number of identified success factors. In order to explore the underlying relationship among the identified critical success factors (CSFs), factor analysis method was adopted for further investigation, which leads to grouping the 21 identified CSFs into six clusters. These are (1) project organization process, (2) EPC project financing for hotel retrofit, (3) knowledge and innovation of EPC, sustainable development (SD), and M&V, (4) implementation of sustainable development strategy, (5) contractual arrangement, and (6) external economic environment. Finally, several relevant policies were proposed to implement EPC successfully in sustainable BEER in hotel buildings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7389-7398
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011


  • Building energy efficiency retrofit
  • Critical success factor (CSF)
  • Energy performance contracting (EPC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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