An analytical model is developed to study the subwavelength focusing characteristics of a binary phase Fresnel zone plate (FZP). The model shows that high numerical-aperture phase FZP under the illumination of linear polarized light produces rotationally asymmetric focal spot with beamwidth varying from 0.36λ to 0.79λ, where λ is the wavelength. On the other hand, rotationally symmetric focal spot with minimum beamwidth of 0.39λ can be obtained from the illumination of radial polarized light.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)