Subjective Outcome Evaluation of a Positive Youth Development Program in Mainland China

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study validated a 36-item Subjective Outcome Evaluation Scale (SOES) and examined the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD) program entitled “Tin Ka Ping Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs” (TKP P.A.T.H.S. Project) and implemented in mainland China in the 2016–2017 and 2017–2018 academic years. Methods: We collected data from 20,480 students from 30 secondary schools in mainland China on their views toward program quality, implementer quality, and program benefits based on the SOES. Results: The SOES possessed good factorial, convergent, discriminant, and concurrent validities as well as internal consistency. Besides, the student respondents were generally satisfied with the program quality, implementer quality, and program benefits. Consistent with our hypothesis, junior grade students had more positive perceptions than did senior grade students. Conclusion: Utilizing the client satisfaction approach, this study validated the SOES and highlighted the value of PYD programs exemplified by the TKP P.A.T.H.S. Program in a non-Western context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-297
Number of pages13
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • adolescents
  • client satisfaction approach
  • mainland China
  • positive youth development
  • program evaluation
  • PYD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Psychology


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