Study on the role of rivulet in rain-wind-induced cable vibration through wind tunnel testing

Haiquan Jing, Yong Xia, Hui Li, You Lin Xu, Yongle Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Rain-wind-induced vibration (RWIV) of stay cables has become a concern in bridge engineering over the past decades. The excitation mechanism of RWIV remains unclear. Many researchers believe that the upper rivulet is crucial to RWIV. However, experimental study on rivulet is challenging and limited. The current study designs and tests a cable model of 160. mm in diameter in an open jet wind tunnel. The upper rivulet movement and cable vibration are simultaneously measured. The importance of the upper rivulet in RWIV is directly demonstrated by alternately controlling the upper and lower rivulets. The characteristics of the upper rivulet movement and the effects of this movement on RWIV are investigated in detail. The experiment shows that the rivulet-cable system is coupled, which causes the cable and upper rivulet to vibrate at different amplitudes under the same wind speed. The upper rivulet harmonic movement changes the wind loading on the cable, causing the harmonic vibration of the cable, which in turn exerts a harmonic inertia force on the rivulet. A large vibration of the coupled system then develops.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-327
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Cable vibration
  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • Image processing
  • Rain-wind induced vibration
  • Water rivulet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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