Study on size-related product quality of multiscale central-punched cups fabricated by compound forming directly using brass sheet

Dien Hu, Jun Yuan Zheng, Mingwang Fu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Meso/microforming has gained much more attention in the last decades and is widely used as a reliable method to fabricate meso/micro-scaled metallic components. In this research, a compound meso/microforming system which combines deep drawing, punching, and blanking operations was developed to fabricate multiscale central-punched cups by using brass sheets. The parts with three scales were produced by using the brass sheets with various thicknesses and grain sizes to investigate geometrical and grain size effects on the deformation behaviors, dimensional accuracy, and material flow behaviors in the forming process. Through physical experiments and finite element simulations, it is revealed that the ultimate deformation load in the drawing-punching stage is smaller than that in the single deep drawing stage under microscale, but the results in the meso-scaled scenarios are opposite. In addition, the thickness variation is increased with grain size, but the variation of the normalized thickness variation does not show an obvious tendency with different size scales. In the bending area, the material flow is tangential to the thickness direction, leading to the formation of thinning area. In addition, the material flow is almost opposite to the punching direction in the punching area, avoiding the expanding deformation of the hole. Thus, the punching operation barely affects the dimensional accuracy including the thickness and hole diameter of the formed parts. Furthermore, the micro-scaled cups with finer grains have a better surface quality. These findings enhance the understanding of size effect in compound meso/microforming with the combined deep drawing and punching operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7235-7249
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Compound forming
  • Deformation behaviors
  • Dimensional accuracy
  • Meso/microformed parts
  • Size effect
  • Surface quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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