Study on fMRI data analysis based on multi-objective optimization CICA

Yuhu Shi (Corresponding Author), Weiming Zeng, Jin Deng, Nizhuan Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Constrained independent component analysis (CICA) greatly improves the performance of blind source signal analysis of independent component analysis ( ICA ) by incorporating priori information, nevertheless, the current CICA method has some problems, such as the difficulty in obtaining prior information, selecting threshold parameters of prior information constraints, and using priori information effectively, which need to be improved. Targeting to these problems, this paper established a CICA model that simultaneously integrated temporal and spatial priori information on the basis of multi-objective optimization framework, and solved the problem of selecting threshold parameters in CICA through multi-objective optimization strategy. Furthermore, an adaptive mining algorithm was proposed to extract intrinsic a priori information from the fMRI data of multiple subjects to guide the analysis of fMRI group data, thus providing a new way for CICA to obtain priori information. Finally, 10 simulated data, 5 task-state and 23 rcsting-state fMRI data were used to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results showed that the spatio-temporal source signals obtained by multi-objective optimization based CICA (MOPCICA) were generally superior to those obtained by ICA, CICA with temporal reference (CICA-tR) and CICA with spatial reference (CICA-sR) (P<0.05) (in the simulation data, the corresponding spatial AUC and temporal correlation coefficients were 0.75 ±0.05, 0.62 ±0.02, 0. 72±0. 03, 0. 71±0. 06 and 0.81±0. 13, 0.67±0.04, 0.74±0.09, 0.77±0. 13, respectively); while the spatial independence was superior to CICA-tR and CICA-sR (P< 0.05) (in the task-related data, the corresponding kurtosis and negentropy were 69. 20 ±23. 36, 17. 60 ± 13. 22, 36. 71 ±13. 43 and 0.031 2± 0. 007 7,0. 003 7±0. 002 1,0. 018 4±0. 004 5, respectively) , which indicated that it had a better performance for the blind source signal recovery. Meanwhile, the correlation coefficient between the group component obtained by MOPCICA through using the fMRI intrinsic priori information in the resting state data and the corresponding component of each subject in the group was on average higher than that of ICA, CICA-nR and CICA-fR (P<0. 05) , which were 0. 46±0. 08, 0. 44±0. 08, 0. 45±0. 08 and 0. 44±0. 08 separately, thus can better represented the commonality of the subjects in the group. Therefore, it has a great significance for the fMRI brain functional connectivity detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-32
Number of pages14
JournalChinese Journal of Biomedical Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Constrained independent component analysis
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Intrinsic prior information
  • Multi-objective optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering


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