Study of substrate-enzyme interaction between immobilized pyridoxamine and recombinant porcine pyridoxal kinase using surface plasmon resonance biosensor

Chi Chun Fong, Wan Ping Lai, Yun Chung Leung, Chun Lap Samuel Lo, Man Sau Wong, Mengsu Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Pyridoxal kinase (PK) is an important enzyme involved in bioactivation of vitamin B6. Binding of PK with its substrate is the prerequisite step for the subsequent catalytic phosphorylation of the substrate. In the present study, a surface plasmon resonance biosensor (BIAcore) was employed to characterize the binding interaction between wild-type porcine PK and an immobilized substrate, pyridoxamine. Pyridoxamine was modified with 11-mercaptoundecanic acid and immobilized on a sensor chip through the formation of a self-assembled monolayer. The binding of PK to the immobilized pyridoxamine was followed in real time and the kinetic parameters were derived from non-linear analysis of the sensorgram. The effects of buffer pH, monovalent cations (Na+, K+) and divalent cations (Mn2+, Zn2+, Mg2+) on the binding kinetics were determined. Optimal pH for PK-pyridoxamine interaction in the absence of divalent ions is at around 7.4. While K+increased and Na+decreased the binding affinity (KA) of PK to immobilized pyridoxamine, all divalent cations increased the KAof PK for pyridoxamine. Solution phase affinity measurement based on a competitive binding assay was used to determine the affinities of PK for different vitamin B6analogues. The order of affinity of PK for different analogues is: pyridoxal-oxime>pyridoxine>pyridoxamine>pyridoxal>pyridoxal phosphate. This is the first study to demonstrate that buffer conditions such as pH and concentration of monovalent and/or divalent ions can directly alter the binding of PK for its substrates. The quantitative kinetic and thermodynamic parameters obtained by SPR measurement provide the insight information into the catalytic activity of this enzyme.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-107
Number of pages13
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2002


  • Pyridoxal kinese
  • Self-assembled monolayer
  • SPR biosensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics

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