Study of Electronic and Steric Effects of Different Substituents in Donor–Acceptor Molecules on Multilevel Organic Memory Data Storage Performance

Jinba Han, Hong Lian, Xiaozhe Cheng, Qingchen Dong, Yongquan Qu, Wai Yeung Wong (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To study the influence of different types of substituent moieties onto the molecular backbones of conjugated donor–acceptor (D–A) molecules on the thin-film morphology and performance of their memory devices, three new molecules X-TBT were synthesized, which consist of the same backbone of two triphenylamine (T) groups and benzothiadiazole (BT) group, but have different substituents (X) with different electronic effects, that is, cyano group (CN), tert-butyl group (tBu), and methoxy group (OMe). Nonvolatile ternary write-once-read-many-times (WORM) data storage behavior is achieved for the CN-TBT and tBu-TBT based devices as compared to the binary memory characteristic of TBT (X = H). In contrast, OMe-TBT based device still maintains binary WORM behavior due to its unfavorable molecular packing motif and weak intermolecular charge transfer effect, but exhibits the lowest operating voltage (1.4 V) as a result of the lowest energy barrier between electrode and active layer. Notably, the tBu-TBT based device displays the highest ION2/ION1/IOFF ratio of 107:103:1. Altering the substituents in D–A molecules can adjust the molecular packing, thin film morphology, and electron trap depth of the active layer, which then significantly influence the memory performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2001097
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • donor–acceptor molecules
  • multilevel memories
  • organic resistive memories
  • trap depth
  • WORM data storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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