Amorphous fluoride glass is used as the reaction chamber (i.e., solid cell) to grow Ba2LaF7 (BLF) nanocrystals at elevation temperatures (i.e., 300-500 °C) so that in situ real-time crystallization and coalescence of BLF nanocrystals can be observed. Due to the inherent advantages of the liquid-like solid medium, high temporal and spatial resolution transmission electron microscopy images can be obtained. Hence, we reveal that the twinned and quadruplet BLF nanocrystals are formed at low temperature (≤430 °C) and the unification of two nanocrystals via the two pathways (i.e., migration with and without rotation) to a single defect-free BLF nanocrystal is favored at high temperature (≥470 °C).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry