Study of conventional sintered Cu 2 Se thermoelectric material

Dongliang Shi, Zhiming Geng, Kwok Ho Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Lead-free thermoelectric material, copper chalcogenides, have been attracting much interest from many research and industrial applications owing to their high capability of harvesting energy from heat. The state-of-the-art copper chalcogenides are commonly fabricated by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) and hot pressing (HP) techniques. Those methods are still costly and complicated particularly when compared to the conventional solid-state sintering method. Here, we report an easy-to-fabricate lead-free copper(I)-selenium (Cu 2 Se) that was fabricated using the conventional sintering method. The fabrication conditions, including sintering temperature and dwelling time, have been systematically studied to optimize the thermoelectric performance of Cu 2 Se. The optimized zT value for the pure Cu 2 Se was found to be 1.2 for the sample sintered at 1173 K for 2 h. The study shows that Cu 2 Se developed using the simple and low-cost techniques could exhibit comparable thermoelectric performance when compared with those fabricated by the SPS method, which provides an alternative potential technique to synthesize high-performance thermoelectric materials in a cost-effective way for industrialization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number401
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2019


  • Conventional sintering method
  • Copper selenide
  • Thermoelectric material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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