We investigated the native point defects in CeO2by the density functional theory with repulsive potential (DFT+U) method and by use of a nonlinear core-corrected norm-conserving Ce pseudopotential. We find the neutral oxygen vacancy (VO0) in CeO2to have a very low formation energy of only 0.39 eV in the O-poor limit. It is a deep donor with negative U behavior, stable only in its neutral and doubly positive states. The anion Frenkel defect is found to be the lowest energy disorder defect, with a formation energy of only 2.08 eV/defect site. These low formation energies arise from the improved transferability of our Ce pseudopotential for its +3 and +4 valence states. The negative U behavior of VOleads to excellent photocatalytic behavior, while the low formation energy of the anion Frenkel defect leads to a superior oxygen storage-and-release capability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films