Structural response of concrete-filled elliptical steel hollow sections under eccentric compression

T. Sheehan, X. H. Dai, Tak Ming Chan, D. Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this research is to examine the behaviour of elliptical concrete-filled steel tubular stub columns under a combination of axial force and bending moment. Most of the research carried out to date involving concrete-filled steel sections has focussed on circular and rectangular tubes, with each shape exhibiting distinct behaviour. The degree of concrete confinement provided by the hollow section wall has been studied under pure compression but remains ambiguous for combined compressive and bending loads, with no current design provision for this loading combination. To explore the structural behaviour, laboratory tests were carried out using eight stub columns of two different tube wall thicknesses and applying axial compression under various eccentricities. Moment-rotation relationships were produced for each specimen to establish the influence of cross-section dimension and axis of bending on overall response. Full 3D finite element models were developed, comparing the effect of different material constitutive models, until good agreement was found. Finally, analytical interaction curves were generated assuming plastic behaviour and compared with the experimental and finite element results. Ground work provided from these tests paves the way for the development of future design guidelines on the member level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-323
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Concrete-filled tubes
  • Eccentric compression
  • Elliptical hollow sections
  • Experimental analysis
  • Interaction curves
  • Numerical modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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