Structural performance of stainless steel circular hollow sections under combined axial load and bending - Part 1: Experiments and numerical modelling

O. Zhao, L. Gardner, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.A comprehensive experimental and numerical investigation into the structural performance of stainless steel circular hollow sections (CHS) under combined compression and bending moment has been performed and is fully reported in the present paper and its companion paper. The experimental programme employed four CHS sizes made of austenitic stainless steel, and included material tensile coupon tests, four stub column tests and twenty combined loading tests. The initial loading eccentricities for the combined loading tests were varied to provide a wide range of bending moment-to-axial load ratios. In conjunction with the testing programme, a numerical modelling programme was performed to simulate the experiments. The developed FE models were shown to be capable of replicating the key test results, full experimental curves including the post-ultimate range and deformed failure modes. Upon validation of the FE models, a series of parametric studies were conducted in the companion paper, aiming at extending the current test data pool over a range of cross-section sizes and combinations of loading. The experimental data, together with the generated parametric study results, were analysed and employed to evaluate the applicability of the codified provisions given in the European code, American specification and Australia/New Zealand standard for design of CHS under combined loading. Improved design rules were also sought through extension of the deformation-based continuous strength method (CSM) to the case of stainless steel CHS under combined loading.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-239
Number of pages9
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Austenitic stainless steel
  • Cold-formed
  • Combined loading tests
  • Cross-sectional behaviour
  • Finite element analysis
  • Numerical modelling
  • Stub column tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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