A red-emitting nitridosilicate phosphor, Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+, shows very promising photoluminescence properties but exhibits serious thermal degradation, thus making it difficult to be used practically as a color converter in white light-emitting diodes (wLEDs). To alleviate this problem, we introduce carbon into the Sr2Si5N8lattice to form thermally robust carbidonitride phosphors (Sr2Si5CxN8-4x/3:Eu2+). The carbon doping, evidenced by a variety of analytical techniques, leads to structural evolutions including lattice shrinkage, shortening of the average bond length of Eu-(C,N), and the removal of Eu3+ions from the lattice. The photoluminescence intensity and quantum efficiency of phosphors are greatly improved by the carbon doping and reach the maximum at x = 0.5, dominantly owing to the enhanced absorption of Eu2+. Thanks to the increased oxidation resistance of Eu2+due to the stronger covalency of Si-(C,N) and Sr(Eu)-(C,N) bonds, thermal degradation is significantly reduced from 16 to 0.8% when the carbon doping increases from x = 0 to 1.25. In addition, thermal quenching is also reduced by 10% at 300 °C and the quantum efficiency declines slowly with increasing temperature when carbon is substituted for nitrogen. At 300 °C, the internal quantum efficiencies are 55% and 62% for x = 0 and 0.5, respectively. The enhanced thermal stability of the carbon-doped sample is also confirmed by smaller variations in the luminous efficacy and color coordinates of monochromatic red LEDs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry