Structural damage identification via response reconstruction under unknown excitation

C. D. Zhang, Y. L. Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The restriction of limited sensors for measurement acquisition and the presence of unknown excitation usually bring about more challenges in the vibration-based damage identification of large-scale civil structures. To explore the potential benefits of utilizing multitype dynamic responses and alleviate the necessity of deploying dense sensors and measuring excitations for structural damage identification, this study investigates a novelty damage identification method via response reconstruction when the external excitations acting on the structure are unknown. Response and excitation are reconstructed simultaneously through the implementation of Kalman filter under unknown input. Radial-basis-function network is employed to predict the mode shapes using modal properties extracted by experimental modal analysis after damage occurrence. The reconstructed response and excitation are finally integrated into to sensitivity based finite element model updating for localizing and quantifying the damage. A numerical simulation study is conducted on an overhanging steel beam under unknown excitation. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method are further ascertained by laboratory tests of the beam.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1953
JournalStructural Control and Health Monitoring
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • damage identification
  • KF-UI
  • model updating
  • RBF network
  • Response and excitation reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Structural damage identification via response reconstruction under unknown excitation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this