Structural damage detection based on l1regularization using natural frequencies and mode shapes

Rongrong Hou, Yong Xia, Xiaoqing Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


Conventional vibration-based damage detection methods employ the Tikhonov regularization in model updating to deal with the problems of underdeterminacy and measurement noise. However, the Tikhonov regularization technique tends to provide over smooth solutions that the identified damage is distributed to many structural elements. This result does not match the sparsity property of the actual damage scenario, in which structural damage typically occurs at a small number of locations only in comparison with the total elements of the entire structure. In this study, an l1regularization-based model updating technique is developed by utilizing the sparsity of the structural damage. Both natural frequencies and mode shapes are employed during the model updating. A strategy of selecting the regularization parameter for the l1regularization problem is also developed. A numerical and an experimental examples are utilized to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed damage detection method. The results showed that the proposed l1regularization-based method is able to locate and quantify the sparse damage correctly over a large number of elements. The effects of the mode number on the damage detection results are also investigated. The advantage of the present l1regularization over the traditional l2regularization method in damage detection is also demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2107
JournalStructural Control and Health Monitoring
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • damage detection
  • l regularization 1
  • model updating
  • sparsity
  • vibration methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials


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