Structural control and health monitoring of building structures with unknown ground excitations: Experimental investigation

Jia He, You Lin Xu, Sheng Zhan, Qin Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, on the basis of extended Kalman filter (EKF), a time-domain integrated approach was proposed for the identification of structural parameters of the controlled buildings with unknown ground excitations. The identified physical parameters and structural state vectors were then utilized to determine the control force for vibration suppression. In this paper, the possibility of establishing such a smart building structure with the function of simultaneous damage detection and vibration suppression was explored experimentally. A five-story shear building structure equipped with three magneto-rheological (MR) dampers was built. Four additional columns were added to the building model, and several damage scenarios were then simulated by symmetrically cutting off these columns in certain stories. Two sets of earthquakes, i.e. Kobe earthquake and Northridge earthquake, were considered as seismic input and assumed to be unknown during the tests. The structural parameters and the unknown ground excitations were identified during the tests by using the proposed identification method with the measured control forces. Based on the identified structural parameters and system states, a switching control law was employed to adjust the current applied to the MR dampers for the purpose of vibration attenuation. The experimental results show that the presented approach is capable of satisfactorily identifying structural damages and unknown excitations on one hand and significantly mitigating the structural vibration on the other hand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-38
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2017


  • Building structures
  • Experimental investigation
  • Ground excitations
  • Health monitoring
  • MR dampers
  • Vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Structural control and health monitoring of building structures with unknown ground excitations: Experimental investigation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this