Structural changes of hemicellulose during pulping process and its interaction with nanocellulose

Xingyu Lan, Shiyu Fu, Junlong Song, Shaoyuan Leu, Juanli Shen, Yi Kong, Shaomin Kang, Xi Yuan, Hao Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


It is believed that hemicellulose plays a crucial role in binding cellulose and lignin in plant cells. It may provide significant implications through figuring out the interaction between hemicellulose and microfibers and gaining insights how the structure of hemicellulose affects its association with cellulose nanofibers. Herein, the hemicellulose and nanocellulose fractions from pulps obtained by controlling the H-factors of kraft pulping process were quantitatively evaluated for their adsorption behavior using QCM-D. The results showed that harsher cooking (corresponding to high H-factor) significantly affected the chemical composition of hemicellulose, leading to a decrease of its molecular weight and gradually turning it into a linear structure. Hemicellulose possesses a strong natural affinity for CNC-coated sensors. The hemicellulose from the pulp cooked by high H-factor process decreases its ability to adsorb onto nanocellulose, the adsorption rate also slows down, and the conformation of the adsorbed layer changes which makes the binding weak and reversible. In conclusion, the pulping process in high H-factor significantly changed the structure of hemicellulose, leading to a variation in the strength of its interaction with nanocellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127772
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • H-factor
  • Hemicellulose
  • Interaction
  • Nanocellulose
  • QCM-D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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