Structural Basis for Vapoluminescent Organoplatinum Materials Derived from Noncovalent Interactions as Recognition Components

Wei Lu, Michael C.W. Chan, Nianyong Zhu, Chi Ming Che, Zhike He, Kwok Yin Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

174 Citations (Scopus)


The spectroscopic properties and crystal structures of a series of platinum(II) complexes bearing functionalized σ-alkynyl groups, namely [(tBu2bpy)Pt(C≡CAr)2] (tBu2bpy = 4,4′-bis-tert-butyl-2,2′-bipyridine, Ar = 4-pyridyl, 1; 3-pyridyl, 2; 2-pyridyl, 3; 4-ethynylpyridyl, 4; 2-thienyl, 5; pentafluorophenyl, 6) have been studied. Solid-state emissions of 1 and 6 are dependent on their crystallinity. Reversible and selective vapoluminescence was observed for 1 and 6 in the presence of chlorocarbon vapors. For solid 1, dramatic enhancement of green luminescence is observed upon sorption of CH2Cl2 or CHCl3 vapor. The excimeric orange emission for solid 6 is switched to monomeric green emission upon exposure to CH2Cl2 vapor. The luminescent responses of a thin film of 1 towards various organic vapors have also been examined. In the crystallographically determined structure of 1·CH2Cl2, the bis(acetylide) moiety acts as the receptor berth for a CH2Cl2 molecule through concerted C-H⋯π(C≡C) interactions, while Clμellip;Cl interactions connect the CH2Cl2 molecules into infinite linear chains. The observed crystal lattices are arranged into scaffolds of varying porosity by weak C-H⋯N(py) (1·CH2Cl2, 1·CH3CN, 4·DMF) and C-H⋯F-C (6, 6·CH 3CN) interactions. The correlation between the crystal structures of 1·CH2Cl2, 1·CH3CN, 2, 4·DMF, 5, 6, and 6·CH3CN and their vapoluminescence suggests that weak nonconventional hydrogen-bonding interactions preside over the reversible sensing and signalling processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6155-6166
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2003


  • Alkyne ligands
  • Inclusion compounds
  • Noncovalent interactions
  • Platinum
  • Vapoluminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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