Strong piezoelectricity and multiferroicity in BiFeO3–BaTiO3–NdCoO3lead-free piezoelectric ceramics with high Curie temperature for current sensing application

Yongquan Guo, Tao Wang, Dongliang Shi, Ping Xiao, Qiaoji Zheng, Chenggang Xu, Kwok Ho Lam, Dunmin Lin

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Lead-free piezoelectric and multiferroic ceramics of BiFeO3–BaTiO3–NdCoO3were synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction method and the structural, piezoelectric, multiferroic and magnetoelectric properties of the materials were investigated. All the ceramics can be well sintered at a low sintering temperature of 980 °C for 2 h. The introduction of NdCoO3into BiFeO3–BaTiO3induces a dramatic enhancement in the piezoelectricity, multiferroicity and magnetoelectric effect of the materials. After the addition of 1.0–3.0 mol% NdCoO3, the ceramics possess a morphotropic phase boundary of rhombohedral and orthorhombic phases and exhibit high Curie temperature (~486–605 °C), strong piezoelectricity, good ferroelectricity and excellent temperature stability of piezoelectricity. The greatly enhanced magnetism with Mr= 0.4229 emu/g and Ms= 2.7186 emu/g is obtained in the ceramic with 8.0 mol% NdCoO3, almost six times larger than that of an undoped ceramic. The ceramic with 2.0 mol% NdCoO3shows a strong magnetoelectric effect (α33= 750 mV cm−1 Oe−1). The practical application potential of the present materials has also been preliminarily demonstrated by mimicking current monitoring. Our results suggest that the present ceramics may have potential applications in advanced lead-free piezoelectric and/or multiferroic devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5531-5547
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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