Stress–strain curve and carbonation resistance of recycled aggregate concrete after using different rca treatment techniques

Long Li, Dongxing Xuan, Chisun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Five recycled coarse aggregate (RCA) treatment techniques including flow-through carbonation, pressurized carbonation, wet carbonation, nano silica (NS) pre-spraying and combined pressurized carbonation with NS pre-spraying, were utilized to improve the performance of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC). The characteristics of the stress–strain curves of RACs including peak stress, peak strain, elastic modulus, ultimate strain and toughness were evaluated after using the above RCA treatment techniques. A theoretical model for natural aggregate concrete was used to analyse the stress–strain curve of RAC. Additionally, the carbonation resistance of RAC after using different RCA treatment techniques were investigated. The results showed that the calculated stress–strain curve of RAC based on the theoretical model matched well with the experimental results. Among the three types of carbonation techniques, pressurized carbonation caused the highest improvement in peak stress and elastic modulus of RAC, followed by flow-through carbonation, the last was wet carbonation. The NS pre-spraying method contributed to even higher improvement in peak stress and elastic modulus of RAC than the pressurized carbonation method. The combined pressurized carbonation with NS pre-spraying exhibited the highest enhancement of RAC because both the RCA and the new interface transition zone (ITZ) were improved. The carbonation resistance of RAC was improved after using all the studied RCA treatment techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4283
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • Carbonation resistance
  • Carbonation treatment
  • Nano silica
  • Recycled aggregate concrete
  • Stress–strain curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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