Strengthening of Laterally Restrained Steel Beams Subjected to Flexural Loading Using Low-Modulus CFRP

Sivaganesh Selvaraj, Mahendrakumar Madhavan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Upgrading the flexural design strength of the structural member for increased live load without disrupting the functionality of the structure is an arduous task. One such problem was investigated in this study by using low-modulus (<125 GPa) carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) for retrofitting of structural steel members. Although most researchers use normal (up to 250 GPa) or high-modulus (above 250-640 GPa) CFRP for flexural strengthening of steel structures, the use of low-modulus CFRP for such applications has been largely unexplored. The present study demonstrated the feasibility of low-modulus CFRP by experimental testing using different retrofitting techniques such as flange wrap, flange-web wrap, and closed wrap. A total of 18 steel beams were tested under four-point bending that includes two control specimens and 16 CFRP-strengthened specimens. In each strengthening scheme, enhanced CFRP wrapping configurations were introduced based on the failure modes observed from the previous wrapping configurations, thereby the strength, as well as the failure mode, improved. In general, the experimental results indicate that the design strength of the structural steel member subjected to flexural loading can be increased up to ∼50% by using the low-modulus CFRP strengthening schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04019032
JournalJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) strengthening
  • Flexural loading
  • Low modulus (< 125 GPa)
  • Performance enhancement
  • Steel structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


Dive into the research topics of 'Strengthening of Laterally Restrained Steel Beams Subjected to Flexural Loading Using Low-Modulus CFRP'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this