Strength predictions of circular hollow section T-joints of steel grade 1100 MPa

Yancheng Cai, Tak Ming Chan, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents experimental and numerical investigations of cold-formed high strength steel (CFHSS) circular hollow section (CHS) T-joints. The CFHSS CHS members have nominal 0.2% proof stress of 1100 MPa. The geometric parameters of the T-joints were designed by varying the ratios of β, 2γ and τ. A total of twelve T-joint tests were conducted by applying axial compressive load through the braces without preloading in chords. Non-linear finite element (FE) model was then developed for the CFHSS CHS T-joints. After successful validation, parametric studies were performed by using the verified FE model. The chord plastification failure of the T-joints was mainly found in both test and numerical studies. The relationship between the joint strengths and the variation of geometric ratios were investigated. The test and numerical strengths of the T-joints were used to assess the strength predictions by design equations provided in CIDECT, EN-1993-1-8 and the literature. It was found that these predictions generally provided unconservative predictions. A new equation that considers the effects of geometric ratios on the strengths was proposed based on both the test and numerical results. By adopting the newly proposed equation, the predictions are improved and provide the least scattered results when compared with other predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107003
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Chord plastification
  • Circular hollow section
  • Cold-formed high strength steel
  • Experimental investigation
  • Numerical investigation
  • Tubular T-joints

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Strength predictions of circular hollow section T-joints of steel grade 1100 MPa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this