Strength of welded steel silo hoppers under filling and flow pressures

Jinguang Teng, J. Michael Rotter

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


A typical elevated silo consists of a cylinder and a discharge hopper. The hopper in a silo supports the majority of the material stored within the silo, and is subject to biaxial tension. This paper presents the first known study of the collapse behavior of welded steel silo hoppers under the bulk-solid pressure distributions given by the theory developed by Walker in 1966. The aims of this paper are to identify the possible failure modes, to examine the effect of different pressure distributions on the collapse strengths of welded hoppers and transition junctions, and to discuss current criteria for the design of welded-steel hoppers. The two most important messages from this study are: (1) For most practical weldedsteel silo hoppers, the failure strength of the hopper is independent of the pressure distribution in the hopper; and (2) where the actual pressure distribution does matter, the filling pressures are more critical than the flow pressures
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2567-2583
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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