Street smart: 3-D city mapping and modeling for positioning with multi-GNSS

Li Ta Hsu, Shunsuke Miura, Shunsuke Kamijo

Research output: Publication in policy / professional / specialist journalArticle (for policy / professional audience)Academic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A multipath and NLOS (non-line-of-sight) delay estimation based on software-defined radio and a 3D surface model based on a particle filter was proposed and tested in a static experiment in the Shinjuku area of Tokyo. The research team of the University of Tokyo developed a particle-filter-based positioning method using a 3D map to rectify the positioning result of commercial GPS single-frequency receiver for pedestrian application. This method first implements particle filter to distribute position candidates (particles) around the ground-truth position. In Step 2, when a candidate position is given, the method can evaluate whether each satellite is in LOS, multipath or NLOS by applying the ray-tracing procedure with a 3D building model. According to the signal strength, namely carrier-to-noise ratio the satellite could be roughly classified into LOS, NLOS and multipath scenarios. If the type of signal is consistent between C/N0 and ray-tracing classification, the simulated pseudorange of the satellite for the candidate will be calculated. In the LOS case, simulated pseudoranges can be estimated as the distance of the direct path between the satellite and the assumed position. Finally, the expectation of all the candidates is the rectified positioning of the proposed map method. This method can therefore find the optimum position through a dedicated optimization algorithm of these assumptions and evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
Specialist publicationGPS World
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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