Stereoscopic Three-Dimensional Visualization for Immersive and Intuitive Anatomy Learning

Kup Sze Choi, Shu Ting Chan, Colman Ho Man Leung, Yim Pan Chui

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Conventional anatomy education makes use of twodimensional (2D) images of three-dimensional (3D) anatomical objects to illustrate their spatial locations and interrelationships. Good visual-spatial ability is needed to mentally transform or fuse multiple images that are required to understand a concept. While animations and videos are developed for anatomy learning, the presentation of 3D anatomical objects on 2D planar computer screen does not render the depth perception necessary for intuitive understanding of the spatial details and subtlety. To enhance anatomy education, a stereoscopic 3D visualization system is proposed in this paper. Depth perception is naturally rendered using active stereo technology to create an immersive learning environment which allows students to directly interact with and explore the virtual anatomical objects. In addition to translation, rotation, zooming in and out, the body parts are modeled as multi-layer objects so that the outer layers can be set to semi-transparent to expose the inner layers, while the associations between the inner and outer layers can also be depicted. A pilot study is conducted to evaluate the system usability and user interface of the proposed stereoscopic 3D visualization system. The response of the 14 healthcare students who participate in the study is positive. They appreciate the intuitiveness and flexibility offered by the system, which can facilitate anatomy learning. Feedbacks are collected to further improve the system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - IEEE 8th International Conference on Technology for Education, T4E 2016
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509061150
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2017
Event8th IEEE International Conference on Technology for Education, T4E 2016 - Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Duration: 2 Dec 20164 Dec 2016


Conference8th IEEE International Conference on Technology for Education, T4E 2016
CityMumbai, Maharashtra


  • anatomy education
  • computer-assisted learning
  • immersive virtual reality
  • stereo vision
  • visual-spatial ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Media Technology
  • Education


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