Stereolithography as a meso-structure for input force reduction to a capacitive force MEMS sensor

Kar Hang Chu, James K. Mills, William L. Cleghorn

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper focuses on the design and development of a novel MEMS based force sensor for use in a smart electrical switch which can be used to sense forces applied during the disconnection/connection of the switch. Sensed forces will permit the power to the switch to be turned on/off electronically to prevent arcing at 42 Volts, which would otherwise damage the switch electrical contacts. This paper focuses on the design of a packaging cover for the switch incorporated with a meso-structure, for input force reduction, using a Stereolithography fabrication process. This packaging cover will be installed on a standard ceramic pin grid array (PGA) package to which a MEMS force sensor will be wire-bonded. The complete sensor is proposed for use in smart electrical connectors within automobiles. The purpose of the packaging cover is to transform the macroscopic input force imparted by a technician during disconnection or connection of the switch into a grasping action on the sensor. The macroscopic input force is estimated to be 60N at maximum. To prevent potential damage on the MEMS sensor, the cover converts the applied force to a smaller force in the milli-Newton scale. Since the sensor is to be operated under the harsh environment of the automobile, transverse comb-drive capacitors are selected as the force sensing technique. The capacitive MEMS sensor will be fabricated using PolyMUMPs surface micromachining. To ensure linearity, the displacement of the comb drive is limited to 1 μm for a net capacitance change of 0.013 pF. Principles of strain energy and Castigliano's Theorem are used to model the proposed cover design. It is found that for a 60 N input force, the design is capable of converting that force to a lateral displacement of 30.86 μm, which is equivalent to a 0.01 N force onto the sensor. Design analysis, and results from Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation of the cover design will be presented in this paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMEMS/MOEMS Components and Their Applications IV
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2007
Externally publishedYes
EventMEMS/MOEMS Components and Their Applications IV - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 22 Jan 200723 Jan 2007


ConferenceMEMS/MOEMS Components and Their Applications IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Capacitive
  • MEMS
  • Stereolithography
  • Strain energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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