Stepwise Access of Emissive Ir(III) Complexes Bearing a Multi-Dentate Heteroaromatic Chelate: Fundamentals and Applications

Zhong Zheng, Ze Lin Zhu, Cheuk Lam Ho, Shek Man Yiu, Chun Sing Lee, Songwut Suramitr, Supa Hannongbua, Yun Chi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Three multi-dentate coordinated chelates LnH2 (n = 1, 2, and 3), comprising a linked 1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylbenzene and one pyrazolyl pyridine unit and showing either tridentate or tetradentate coordination modes, are successfully designed and synthesized. Dinuclear Ir(III) complexes [Ir(κ4-Ln)(μ-Cl)]2 bearing tetradentate coordinated κ4-Ln chelate (2a, n = 1; 2b, n = 2; 2c, n = 3) were next obtained en route from the respective intermediate [Ir(κ3-LnH)Cl(μ-Cl)]2 bearing the tridentate coordinated κ3-LnH chelate (1a, n = 1; 1b, n = 2; 1c, n = 3). Next, mononuclear Ir(III) complexes Ir(κ4-Ln)(thd) (3a, n = 1; 3b, n = 2; 3c, n = 3) with the tetradentate chelate were obtained upon treatment of 2 with 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione (thd)H in the presence of K2CO3. Concurrently, methylation of 2c in the presence of MeI and nBu4NCl afforded tridentate Ir(κ3-L3HMe)Cl3 (4) and, next, can be converted to tetradentate Ir(κ4-L3Me)Cl2 (5) by further cyclometalation and HCl elimination in refluxing diethylene glycol monoethyl ether solution. The Ir(III) complexes 3a, 4, and 5 were unambiguously identified using spectroscopic methods, together with single-crystal X-ray structural analyses on Ir(III) derivatives 3a, 4, and 5. Their photophysical and,electrochemical properties and device fabrication properties were also investigated and compared with results from theoretical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4384-4393
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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