Step-by-Step Modulation of Crystalline Features and Exciton Kinetics for 19.2% Efficiency Ortho-Xylene Processed Organic Solar Cells

Bosen Zou, Weiwei Wu, Top Archie Dela Peña, Ruijie Ma, Yongmin Luo, Yulong Hai, Xiyun Xie, Mingjie Li, Zhenghui Luo, Jiaying Wu, Chuluo Yang, Gang Li, He Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


With plenty of popular and effective ternary organic solar cells (OSCs) construction strategies proposed and applied, its power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) have come to a new level of over 19% in single-junction devices. However, previous studies are heavily based in chloroform (CF) leaving behind substantial knowledge deficiencies in understanding the influence of solvent choice when introducing a third component. Herein, we present a case where a newly designed asymmetric small molecular acceptor using fluoro-methoxylated end-group modification strategy, named BTP-BO-3FO with enlarged bandgap, brings different morphological evolution and performance improvement effect on host system PM6:BTP-eC9, processed by CF and ortho-xylene (o-XY). With detailed analyses supported by a series of experiments, the best PCE of 19.24% for green solvent-processed OSCs is found to be a fruit of finely tuned crystalline ordering and general aggregation motif, which furthermore nourishes a favorable charge generation and recombination behavior. Likewise, over 19% PCE can be achieved by replacing spin-coating with blade coating for active layer deposition. This work focuses on understanding the commonly met yet frequently ignored issues when building ternary blends to demonstrate cutting-edge device performance, hence, will be instructive to other ternary OSC works in the future.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number30
JournalNano-Micro Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • Flouro-methoxylated end group
  • Morphological ordering
  • Organic solar cells
  • Solvent selection
  • Ternary design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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