Steel-concrete composite shell roofs: Structural concept and feasibility

Jinguang Teng, H. T. Wong, Z. C. Wang, S. L. Dong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a new structural system, namely steel-concrete composite shells, for enclosing large spaces and presents test and numerical simulation results to demonstrate its feasibility. These composite shells are formed by pouring concrete on a thin stiffened steel base shell which serves as both the permanent formwork and the tensile steel reinforcement. The thin steel shell, constructed by bolting together open-topped modular units consisting of a base plate with surrounding edge plates, is a steel shell with thin stiffeners in both directions. The new system retains all the benefits of thin concrete shells, but eliminates the need for temporary formwork and minimises the required falsework. In this paper, the background to the development of this new structural system is first given, followed by a description of its structural features. Advantages of this new structural system over existing systems are next discussed. Possible failure modes of the new structural system are also outlined. Finally, a study to demonstrate the feasibility of constructing these shell roofs of large spans with very thin steel sheets and a limited amount of shoring is presented. In this feasibility study, a finite element model was developed for bolted steel arches as a conservative approximation of bolted steel shells, and was verified using results from simple connection tests. Both the connection tests and the verification of the finite element model are given in this paper before presenting the results from the parametric study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-307
Number of pages21
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005


  • Buckling
  • Composite construction
  • Comshells
  • Connections
  • Finite element analysis
  • Shell roofs
  • Structural system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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