Stakeholder demands and corporate environmental coping strategies in China

Ning Liu, Shui Yan Tang, Carlos Wing Hung Lo, Xueyong Zhan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines how stakeholder demand and compliance capacity jointly shape corporate environmental coping strategies and subsequently environmental protection practices. A four-dimensional classification of coping strategies-formalism, accommodation, referencing, and self-determination-is conceptualized. Drawing on survey and interview data collected from manufacturing enterprises in China between 2010 and 2012, the paper shows that compared with formalism and accommodation, coping strategies of referencing and self-determination are associated with stronger environmental protection practices. Enterprises adjust their coping strategies by taking into account the constraints defined by both their internal and external environments. The results also demonstrate the potential synergetic effects of state and non-state stakeholders working together in promoting better corporate environmental coping strategies and environmental practices in China.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-149
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Compliance capacity
  • Corporate environmental coping strategy
  • Environmental protection practices
  • Stakeholder demand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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