Stainless steel ring strengthened removable dowel bar connection system: Effect of key parameters and design recommendations

Jiachen Guo, Tak Ming Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper numerically studies key parameters which affect the structural performance of the stainless steel ring strengthened removable dowel bar connection system. Finite element models were firstly validated against experimental test results in terms of the failure mode and load–deflection relationship. Then validated models were used to carry out the parametric investigation. The dowel bar diameter, the stainless steel ring length as well as the stainless steel ring thickness were studied with 90 generated models. According to the finite element analysis results, it was found that the vertical stiffness and ultimate load were enhanced with the increase of the dowel bar diameter. And the application of the stainless steel ring significantly relieved the compressive stress concentration at joint surface due to the expanded contact area. Close relationships were then observed between the ultimate load and the stainless steel ring thickness and length, respectively. Empirical equations were also derived to predict the ultimate load under the ultimate limit state (ULS). Meanwhile, under 20 kN service limit state (SLS), a close relationship was also found between the maximum compressive stress of concrete and the external diameter of the stainless steel ring. Through this two-stage design, the stainless steel ring strengthened removable dowel bar connection system will be more durable and reliable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1767-1782
Number of pages16
JournalStructures
Volume44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Design recommendations
  • Dowel bar diameter
  • Removable dowel bar connection system
  • Stainless steel ring length
  • Stainless steel ring thickness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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