Stability of the world trade center twin towers structural frame in multiple floor fires

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48 Citations (Scopus)


This technical note presents the results from a nonlinear finite element analysis of a very simple two dimensional model of the World Trade Center Twin-Towers structural frame subjected to fire. The analysis was carried out for a large range of fire scenarios and was reported in detail in a recently published paper. The paper further investigates the results of this analysis to obtain the details of the collapse mechanism found. An interesting series of events leading progressively to overall collapse are discovered and described in detail. The main reason for the failure is found to be the low membrane capacity in compression of the composite steel truss and concrete deck slab floor system. Journal of Engineering Mechanics © ASCE.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-657
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Buildings
  • Collapse
  • Fire resistance
  • High-rise
  • New York
  • New York City
  • Progressive failure
  • Structural response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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