Spontaneously Ordered Hierarchical Two-Dimensional Wrinkle Patterns in Two-Dimensional Materials

Quoc Huy Thi, Lok Wing Wong, Haijun Liu, Chun Sing Lee, Jiong Zhao, Thuc Hue Ly

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Achieving two-dimensionally (2D) ordered surface wrinkle patterns is still challenging not only for the atomic-thick 2D materials but also in general for all soft surfaces. Normally disordered 2D wrinkle patterns on isotropic surfaces can be rendered via biaxial straining. Here, we report that the 1D and 2D ordered wrinkle patterns in 2D materials can be produced by sequential wrinkling controlled by thermal straining and vertical spatial confinement. The various hierarchical patterns in 2D materials generated by our method are highly periodic, and the hexagonal crystal symmetry is obeyed. More interestingly, these patterns can be maintained in suspended monolayers after delamination from the underlying surfaces which shows the great application potentials. Our new approach can simplify the patterning processes on 2D layered materials and reduce the risk of damage compared to conventional lithography methods, and numerous engineering applications that require nanoscale ordered surface texturing could be empowered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8420-8425
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2020


  • 2D materials
  • graphene
  • Hierarchical
  • ordered pattern
  • strain
  • wrinkles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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