Spindle vibration influencing form error in ultra-precision diamond machining

S. J. Zhang, Suet To

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-precision diamond machining (UPDM) is widely used to manufacture high quality surface within sub-micrometric form error and nanometric surface roughness due to its high efficiency and low cost. However, in a complex UPDM process, many factors affect such sub-micrometric form error. Especially, spindle vibration produces a significant impact upon surface generation, not only influencing nanometric surface roughness, but also affecting sub-micrometric form error. In this study, a five-DOF dynamic model is established for spindle vibration in UPDM. The form error under spindle vibration is discussed with a surface generation model. The results show that (i) axial, radial, and coupled-tilting spindle vibration makes a great contribution to form error; (ii) the coupled-tilting frequencies are influenced by spindle speed; and (iii) the spindle vibration is reproduced at a machined surface to generate regular patterns consequently to cause form error, which is well identified with a focus on axial spindle vibration by face turning in UPDM. Its wavelength is linearly proportional to spindle speed and cutting radius distance, i.e. cutting speed. Significantly, the proposed models provide a possibility to predict surface roughness and form error under spindle vibration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3144-3151
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017


  • Form error
  • spindle vibration
  • ultra-precision diamond machining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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